1.What is an adverb phrase?
An adverbial phrase is a group of words that together function like an adverb.
An adverb phrase is used to modify other words and adverbs, and it may be used with an infinitive or a preposition. Some examples of adverb phrases with prepositions, include before the holidays, next door, every month, for your mother. In addition, adverb phrases used with an infinitive, include to buy a book and to support the group or team.
2.How to Use an Adverbial Phrase
Adverbs provide us with information regarding how, where, how often, when and for what purpose. Adverbs come in three basic flavors: one-word adverbs, adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses. Knowing how to use adverbial phrases can expand your writing skills.
Add details to your speech or writing with adverbial phrases. "Sue went" doesn't convey much information. "Sue went to the gym every day after work to keep her New Year's resolution" explains the where, when and why of the event.
Create adverbial phrases by using prepositions to tell how, where, how often and when. For example, "Sue swam with perfect technique in the pool before lunch on Tuesdays."
Use infinitives, "to" and a verb, to indicate for what purpose. "Sue swam to stay physically fit."
Place adverbial phrases in an order that makes sense. Adverbs are flexible, but read the sentence aloud to listen for any awkwardness. Generally, write adverbials in the following order: how, where, how often, when and for what purpose.
Avoid adverbs that intensify, such as "really" and "very," or that fill the position of another word, such as "there is" and "it is." Rewrite the sentence to indicate intensity and to avoid using fillers. For example, you can revise "By the sixth round, he was a very tired fighter" to read, "By the sixth round, the fighter was exhausted."
3.The Five Main Functions of Adverbs in the English Language
Adverbs and adverb phrases perform five main grammatical functions within sentences in the English language. Both native speakers and ESL students must learn and understand the five functions in order to correctly speak and write with adverbs and adverb phrases in English. The five functions of adverbs and adverb phrases are:
- Adjective phrase modifier
- Adverb phrase modifier
- Verb phrase modifier
Adverbs as Adjective Phrase ModifiersThe first grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the adjective phrase modifier. Adjective phrase modifiers are defined as words and phrases that describe an adjective or adjective phrase. For example, the following italicized adverbs and adverb phrases function as adjective phrase modifiers:
- The boldly brave toddler climbed onto the table.
- Your newborn baby daughter is very tiny.
- Students who are clearly sick may not attend class.
- Habitually absent employees will be fired.
The second grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the adverb phrase modifier. Adverb phrase modifiers are defined as words and phrases that describe an adverb or adverb phrase. For example, the following italicized adverbs and adverb phrases function as adverb phrase modifiers:
Adverbs as Adverb Phrase Modifiers
- The music from next door is blaring extremely loudly.
- Olympic runners can sprint very quickly.
- Your suspiciously mysteriously strange behavior tipped off the police.
- My use of adverbs is almost always perfect.
Adverbs as Verb Phrase ModifiersThe third grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the verb phrase modifier. Verb phrase modifiers are defined as words and phrases that can describe a verb or verb phrase. For example, the following italicized verbs and verb phrases function as verb phrase modifiers:
- My pets wake promptly at sunrise.
- She fiercely fought against her attacker.
- Residents must quickly and quietly exit the building during the fire drill.
- Her husband almost always forgets to take out the trash.
- Do not eat in the library.
Adverbs as AdverbialsThe fourth grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the adverbial. Adverbials are defined as words, phrases, and clauses that modify an entire clause by providing information such as time, place, manner, condition, reason, or purpose. For example, the following italicized adverbs and adverb phrases function as adverbials:
- The woman waited in line patiently.
- Eagerly, my baby brother told me what he wanted for Christmas.
- The new mother looked at her new baby adoringly.
- Stubbornly, the little girl refused to eat her vegetables at dinner.
Adverbs as AdjunctsThe fifth grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the adjunct. Adjuncts are defined as words and phrases that frame an entire clause. For example, the following italicized adverbs and adverb phrases function as adjuncts:
- Surprisingly, the slacker aced all of the final exams.
- Noun phrases and prepositional phrases, however, can also function as adverbials.
- Do you like to write about grammar, too?
- Nevertheless, students must turn in all assignments before the next class.
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Ditulis oleh: IRWAN - Minggu, 21 Agustus 2011